11 Temmuz 2011 Pazartesi


AREA: 28,488 sq km
POPULATION: 755,091 (2000)
The interior of Anatolia to the east of Sivas, Anatolia, located in the historical Silk Road and the famous King's Road at the intersection of routes in the province passed a large. Sivas historical treasures, natural beauty, with hot springs resort offers tourists interesting

History of the province of its name: Sivas, states that dominate at different times, different names, gave the city their own. These Sebaste, Sipas, Megalopolis, Kabira, Diaspolis (Tanrş city), Talaurs, Danisment province, state-i Rum, the names of State-i-Sivas and Sivas.
This day is used in the different opinions about the source of the name of Sivas is located. Of these, 'Sebaste' Sebasteia-Greek (Augustus the city) name, given by the king of Pontus Polemon'un Pitodoris wife. Romans, when they receive under the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Pont Pont in the Kingdom of the administration had left the city. Pont is the king's wife, the King of Rome and Augustus, to win his love and loyalty to the expression of gratitude to him in Greek, which means the city of Ogust "Sebaste", the thought. Sebaste time, "Sivas" turned into a has been proposed.
Again, the other is the opinion that, today, "Sivas" is used as the name "Sipas" is that diagnosis. the city's founding period, the city where the headquarters of its present location under a large sycamore trees, three water cells (the source) are available. This is one of the cells, "Thank God" in the second "mother and father respect", third is the "love to minors" represents the good. People living in this region, over time lost its koruyamayıp these properties, it also dries out three. in the name of the city's "three eyes" which means "Sipas" due to the diagnosis, and over time we use today, "Sivas" turned into a has been proposed.
Written Pre-History: 1927 from the ongoing excavation and research since the findings are determined, in Sivas, populated from the Neolithic Period, starting arguments towards empowering nature. The region, the Chalcolithic Period (5000-3000 BC) and Early Bronze Age (3000-2000 BC) in the presence of settlements, pottery from this period, the remains of the home and the city has been identified as definitive. Maltepe Tumulus excavations, the first settlement in the region BC From 2600 BC Has continued without interruption until the year 2000.
Date Written: Sivas is an ancient settlement when and by whom, although there is no definite information of a user. Today, towns and villages of the city center to the information obtained from various archaeological excavation and research in the mounds and the ruins of the old city, in Sivas has started to come from the early days of settlement in history. These periods, yet enough research is illuminating the history of Sivas, Anatolia, which covers a large part of the obligation to investigate arises in the history of Cappadocia.
In this regard, we look at the history of Sivas BC Cappadocia With a history that dates back to 2000, and the meat is used as the center of the settlement within the boundaries of the rule see the remains. Etiler made during the various wars, have occurred in and around Sivas, Sivas also affected by these wars, burned and destroyed. Assyrian ruler Sargon, BC An incursion into Anatolia in 710 he came to the interior of Sivas. Again, BC 676 years of the Scythians from the Caucasus, Iran lay the Medes to the interior of Anatolia. The Medes and the Lydians in the Cappadocia region has run out of power Asurlar'a resist, BC 585 Red River on the border as they did a deal to stay. Median Empire was the eastern region of Sivas and its surroundings so that the Red River. Median Empire did not last more than domination of the region. BC Persians Sivas seized in 550 put an end to the sovereignty of Med. BC the Macedonian King Alexander the Great is a significant
influx of other Anatolia, the incursions. BC, Alexander the Great as the first In 334 BC, two years after the second 332 'flock to the interior of Anatolia also held two times, both in Sivas, the rule continues to put an end to the management of the Persians. Passes do not speak for places, officers, commanders had left for Macedonia, the Macedonian army officers Sabistes'in management has been a while in Sivas. Plied their own pleasure and to plunder the city of Sabistes daldığından soldiers and did not break any heed. This situation can not stand people up in arms again, king of Persia, I. Ariaretes'in have agreed to enter the rule. At the end of the King of Rome after Christ Tiperius 17 of the Sivas and its surroundings were seized. Thus, Sivas, came under the Roman empire and the 'State-i Rum "was.
Anno Domini (17 - 395) istilalarla experiencing several years of Sivas, the period after their stay at the Roman domination, MS 395 Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire was among the allocated land. Sasanlı raids in this period affected by the long period of time, X.yy than later in order to strengthen the central government established Sebasteia (Sivas) Theması'na connected.
1059'da into Anatolia and the Turkmen forces 1064'te Alp Arslan Seljuk prince fleeing from the Sivas region of Elbasan sağladılarsa short-term event, the Turks dominated the region but the 1071 'took place after. Event in a short period of time remaining Seljuk dynasty was established in Sivas 1075'te Danişmentli. Showing the throne after the fights in this principality is chief of 1143'den Danışmentliler kırınca power, re-unites the Anatolian Selçukluları'nı I. Massoud, 1152'de spent the hands of Sivas. Constantly changed hands between the Anatolian Seljuks and Danışmentliler Sivas, 1175'te II. Sword Arslan'ca strictly connected to the Seljuks.
II. Kilic Arslan, 11, son of the country between 1186'da paylaştırmasıyla starting fights throne, I. Alaeddin Keykubad.Catching lasted until 1220 deal to pass. Effective measures against the Mongols during this period of Anatolia began to threaten the Keykubad çevirterek sheltered by walls has made Sivas. II substitute. Giyaseddin Keyhüsrev bad management during the great suffering the people of Turkmen origin, Sivas yaşmaladı 1240'larda uprising. Mongols, Seljuk soldiers who are mobilized to intimidate civilians, moved in to take over Anatolia. Mongol forces defeated Giyaseddin Keyhüsrev 1243'te Kösedag Savaş'ında, Sivas occupied. Seljuk Sultans of civil unrest caused by people anxious to justification under the Seljuk period, which indicates that Ilhanli manager Gazan Khan III. Alaeddin Keykubad.Catching Isfahan, calling the 1318'da put an end to the Anatolian Seljuk State.
appointed governor of Anatolia ilhanlılar'ın Timurtas, 1322'de of Sivas is located in the territory declared its independence. This ilhanlılar'ın on, send the army discovered on the refuge in the Memlük'lere. Instead of leaving as a proxy Eretna gentleman, having been rejected before the rule of ilhanlılar'ın Ilhanli take advantage of the weakening of the administration's throne, with fights, set up their own autonomous principalities.
Eretna after Bey's death, his son was little benefit from the age of Mehmed Giyaseddin viziers, the country shared between them. Eretna thoroughly weakened by dividing the Principality, re-introduction of stronger
vizierate Burhaneddin 1378'de Kadi. Kadi Burhanuddin Eretna kadılık principality, vizier, and the regency government management experience gained by doing the tasks implemented Eretna captured the principality. Last Eretna Bey Ali Bey advantage of being self-indulgent, self-eliminated one by one, people who are in opposition, on the death of Ali Bey in Sivas in 1388 declared independence. State has established that it is named Burhanuddin Kadi. Burhanuddin Mamluk raids successfully to resist the Kadi, the Mamluks, Ottoman and support when they seek to prevent any danger of Timur, defeated the Akkoyunlu Osman Bey, was killed in 1398.
Kadi Burhaneddin the death of a power vacuum in Sivas request of the elders of the city was recognized Ottoman sovereignty. Timur entered Anatolia in 1400, championed by a small number of Sivas after a long siege by the Ottoman askerince, burned and destroyed in retreat. After Timur defeated the Ottomans in the Battle of Ankara (1402), the throne of Bayezid's sons fighting began. Sivas 1408'de seized Mehmed Celebi, the situation prevailing in the country when 1413'te, also has joined the Ottoman Empire Sivas. 1472 except for a short time into the hands of Turkmen tribal, always remained under Ottoman rule.
Ottoman rule brought into the center of Sivas province of Amasya, Corum, Tokat, Sivas and Kayseri provinces of Malatya in part been due to a flag. As stated in the provinces of Sivas travels Evliya Celebi is one of the most important time. (40 primary schools, 1000 shops, 18 Han, 40 is referred to the fountain.)
On the high plateau of Anatolia, and eastward from the inner city area of ​​rising, the northern, eastern and south-east highlands and ends with a steep cut. The average altitude is above 1000 meters. Köse Mountains mountain range, which is an extension of the North Anatolian provinces, the northern branch of the Taurus Mountains and Incebel Tecer Mountains, Akdağlar, Patch is located in Mt. Meraküm Uzunyayla and plateaus, as well as the Red River, Kelkit, Çaltı valleys of the major geographic formations. Important rivers of the Red River, Kelkit, Tozanlı Tea, Tea and Tohma Çaltı tea.
The major part of the province of Sivas and summer is hot and dry, winters cold and snowy fall under the influence of the continental climate of inner Anatolia. But the Black Sea in the north, east, eastern Anatolia is a high regional climate effects.
Clothing, Finery, adornment
Sivas and its surroundings with the general character of the traditional clothing of the provinces of Central Anatolia and Eastern Anatolia is very close to costumes.
Women's and men's wear as well as other provinces in recent years has undergone rapid change
Traditional Female Clothing worn for special occasions in the local men's clothing in general, especially on a fez, a thin white silk head, plain linen collar and shoulder buttons work areas on the sleeveless vest, shawl connects the waist. Pants-type thick kumaştandır zıvga. As an accessory, made of silver watch chain, charm, and time is used. Foot-wear and footwear worn on your feet. Iğlemeli into the foot-wear and footwear worn on or off-white wool socks.

Women's wear women's clothing outside the traditional features of a traditional town center is still protected from place to place.
Women's clothing in some towns and villages of Sivas-rind varies. In general, the order giyilenler; köynek, inner upper, outer upper, baggy trousers, dresses as a bindallı, three skirts, tattoos are worn. Salta on short jacket, apron, waist belt or black belt, tortoise shell write Bartin, scaly, fez, turkey is covered by a thin blanket.
As an accessory; zevkat the top, bottom row, hutlama, hamaylı, used to strip gold or silver jewelry.
Food Culture
Pre-order in which people eat soup kitchen of Sivas, and in particular the elderly by the "heart-rain," he is a dietary staple in jest. From the mean the beginning of winter soups, yogurt, cooked with flour or meal is prepared by splitting a little food. Cracked wheat, green lentil and mean the water is cooked with the soup consistency. Heat the oil and add onion soup is put on the mint (sokaraç). Mean the days of winter soup is a meal of tasty and nutritious. Read the most famous soup, beet soup. Others, cutting soup (soup pasta), tarhana, turnips, potatoes, noodles, lentils, bulgur, düşülcek soups. Meat dishes at the beginning, means meat dish with vegetables. First, cooked meats and fried eggplant, peppers, tomatoes, put prepared. Vegetables are prepared pans and ovens that meat market "to pan in the oven" is called. Sivas kebab in the summer-autumn months where plenty of vegetables in a bazaar in the dish. Pehli, çirli meat, grape leaves, stuffed cabbage, stuffed peppers, meatballs, fried patties (Kadınbudu meatballs), juicy meatballs (meatballs with

bulgur), Miri patties (without meat), stew and other dishes that mıhlamalar. In the pumpkin dishes Vegetable dishes (sautéed meat, milk pumpkin, pumpkin raisin), roasting, and eat turnips, potatoes tiritlisi, a plant that grows spontaneously in the spring in the wilderness in which meals are important madımakla. Rice dish which is indispensable for our tables, "ready to bread, rice queen," was called. Bulgur, rice, couscous, noodles, different flavor and appearance pilafs take their places at the table as the varieties. Hoşaflar and holiday soup, rice dishes as well as brought to the table.
Do not Leave Without
Darüşşifasını Mosque and without the artifact,
Gökmedrese Sivas, Double Minaret Madrasah, Buruciye Madrasa, Sifaiye Visiting Medrese,
Visiting Atatürk Congress and Ethnography Museum
Visiting Valley şuul Gurun,
Gurun Gokpinar Lake without seeing
Kangal Fish Kaplica thermal spring without seeing
Kangal dog without seeing
Koyulhısar plateaus before,
Zara-İMRANLI buying honey,
Sivas carpet and kilim, without
Sivas knife, without
Sivas mouth and pen, without
Gümüşünü Sivas, without
Do not go back

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